The International Herbert Marcuse Society website, www.
This aspiration characterizes for Dilthey the essence of philosophy in its reach towards an unified world-view that would over-come the relativism of conflicting perspectives on the world as well as resolve a basic antimony between the historical character of human experience and the imperative of having the world in view through an universal form of knowing.
This reconciliation of history and philosophy must neither reject the situated character of philosophical categories nor abandon the universality of reason, but take instead the form of a critique of historical reason.
As Dilthey remarks elsewhere: Dilthey underlines in his talk how this celebratory 1 recollection of his intellectual formation is pervaded by a spirit of gratitude towards his teachers and mentors. This expression of gratitude extends to the present, to the circle of students and colleagues gathered before him, as well as to his own historical epoch.
Such a conjunction of the personal and the historical reflects the two-fold significance of Bildung, individual and collective, that directed German philosophical consciousness since Fichte. As revealingly, it attests to the supreme cultural import ascribed to the concept of life, and, more generally, Lebensphilosophie, in Wilhelmine Germany.
As Dilthey narrates his dream: This idealized depiction of Greek thinkers sends Dilthey into an aesthetic reverie.
The Classical idea of rationality as the harmony of the whole is here portrayed in the communitarian spirit of philosophical debate.
With peace of mind, Dilthey in his dream falls asleep, but is immediately perturbed by a nightmare. Bruno, Descartes, Leibniz, and others. The walls of the temple suddenly give way to an open field in which Greek philosophers now appear. More historical figures enter the scene.
In another mutation, which, as Dilthey recalls, took him by surprise 2 even in his dream, this gathering of philosophers begins to spontaneously divide into distinct camps: Quod vitae sectabor iter? This maelstrom of doubt transforms into a grotesque carnival of metaphysical phantoms in which philosophical, religious, and aesthetic world-views appear together in perpetual and unresolvable conflict.
Different world-views— religious, artistic, and philosophical—succeed each other over the course of history, each a particular—and hence incomplete—perspective on the world. The form of this awakening is suggested to Dilthey in a reflection within his dream or, one might surmise, a retrospective reflection on his dream.
What is revealed to Dilthey is a fundamental tension between the historically relative character of world-views and the metaphysical drive to achieve an encompassing view of the world and form of life in truth.
This drive expresses itself in three types of world-views: This form of knowledge cannot be opposed to historical consciousness, but must fathom the conditions for historical consciousness, its different types of world-views, and their structural composition.
Philosophy must become inflected by historical consciousness and transform itself in a critique of historical reason. By the 3 same token, philosophy must provide a foundation for the human sciences, and thus abandon its own isolation in a two-fold sense: In this inter-disciplinary mold, philosophy must lead humanity towards an apprehension of the whole of human experience as historical.
This aim is not merely theoretical, but imminently practical, since philosophical knowledge aims at a decision concerning the enigma of life. Princeton University Press,p. As made clear from these introductory reflections, the motivation behind the concept of world-view is cultural as well as theoretical.
This metaphysical need is even more pronounced with the increasing fragmentation of modern life as manifest in culture and the sciences.Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study.
The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Derek Freeman chose the title Dilthey’s Dream for this collection of essays and in the first essay of the volume, ‘Human Nature and Culture’, he explains the significance of this choice of titles.
Dilthey's Dream is an engagingly powerful set of essays depicting the depth of one man's thinking on issues, which consumed a lifetime. Contents Human nature and culture.
Dilthey’s dream-vision is a two-fold communication: as Dilthey’s own dream experience, it communicates a vision of the world to his individual consciousness from the depths of his own life; as a dream-vision presented to his students and colleagues, it communicates a philosophical world-view to the lives of others from Dilthey’s own.
Diltheys Dream: Essays on Human Nature and Culture. Author(s) Freeman, Darren: Type: Book: Date Published: Date Created-Efficient coupling to chalcogenide glass photonic crystal waveguides via silica optical fiber nanowires.
Author(s) Grillet, Christian; Smith, Cameron L . Derek Freeman chose the titleDilthey’s Dreamfor this collection of essays and in the first essay of the volume, ‘Human Nature and Culture’, he explains the significance of this choice of titles.
Dilthey’s dream offers a vivid metaphor for the fundamental fissure, which had begun to develop.