History 3 Interpretation Suggested Task 1: Read each paragraph and summarize paraphrase each thesis. Thesis 1 The Puritan values that affected American society in both positive and negative ways continue to influence our nation today. The American concept of limited government stems from the Puritan community.
They had separate governments, but their hopes, their laws and their past history were almost identical. The entire political and social system they established was built on the Puritan religion.
As a whole, they professed to love liberty, but the individual Puritan was restrained by strict laws that governed every area of his life — even his family relations.
A man could not kiss his wife in public. A Captain Kimble, upon his return from a three-year voyage, kissed his wife on his own doorstep, and he spent two hours in the pillory for his lewd and unseemly behavior.
Beginning inas many as 20, Puritans emigrated to America to gain the liberty to worship God as they chose. Unlike the Pilgrims who came to Massachusetts inthe Puritans believed that the Church of England was a true church, though in need of major reforms.
Life of the Puritans The Puritans lived in villages that consisted of four city blocks. Within these villages, relatives were placed together. The Puritan family was the basic unit of society, in which the mother and the father had specific tasks.
The husband was in charge of his wife and had all of the authority in the home. He was to provide the needs of the household, love and protect his family, and teach his children about life, which revolved around God.
Puritan life consisted largely of farming. Both the men and women contributed to this way of life by planting and weeding from day to day. Even though the majority of men were ministers, their professional trade also consisted of a variety of other tasks.
The women wove cloth, made candles and soap, tended the garden, worked in the fields and cut wood. Since God was the most important part of their lives, prayer was a major part of their daily lives.
Puritan families meditated and prayed before sleep at night, upon rising in the morning, on Saturdays and at church services. Puritan Religion Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by men and women who refused to compromise their religious convictions, and they made the dangerous journey to America in order to worship God their way.
Yet, when they arrived in the New World, they instituted the same intolerance they had fled from England to escape. The Puritans closed their minds to any alternatives. They believed that there was only one true religion and that it was the duty of the civil authorities to impose it, forcibly if necessary, upon all citizens in the interest of saving their souls.
Nonconformists could expect no mercy. Dissenters would be punished, maybe even executed. Their isolation in the New World, the harshness and dangers of their new lives, and their sense that they were a Chosen People, insured that American Puritanism would remain more severe than that which they had left in England.
Laws governed the way the Puritans dressed. One law forbade the wearing of lace. A woman wore an undershirt, called a shift. Over that, she wore a corset and long petticoats. Her outer clothing was either a gown, or a waistcoat fitted jacket and skirt.
Her skirts must be long enough to drag the floor—it was unladylike to show any ankle! A lady wore a close-fitting white linen cap, called a coif, to cover her hair.
In foul weather, she wore a cloak, a sleeveless outer-garment that was worn draped over the shoulders, and was usually made of heavy wool. Law and Courts The Massachusetts Bay colonists brought with them the law they knew—the local law and customs of their section of England.
Some historians have compared the government in the early American colonies to that of an English town. The charter of Massachusetts Bay Colony was similar to that of a trading company. It granted a tract of land, and recognized that the land had to be governed.The Puritan movement came about as a result of disagreement between the Anglican Church of England and several other religious sects.
The Puritans were inspired and influenced by . The Puritans believed that the Anglican Church, the state's religious institution of England, needed to be purified of the influence of the Catholic religious faith, so they struck off on their own to the New World, where they established the Massachusetts colony.
Perhaps the bluntest expression of the Puritan ideal of theocracy was the Rev. Nathaniel Ward's The Simple Cobbler of Aggawam in America (). Returning to England to take part in the Puritan ferment there, this Massachusetts divine was horrified to find the English Puritans too soft and tolerant, too willing to allow a diversity of opinion in society.
Puritans Belief Puritan Viewpoint on Sin Any activity that strayed from the normal cleaning, church, and school. They Believed that everyone was born with sin because of what happen with Adam and Eve, even small children and babies.
Finally, the code of ethics followed by many Americans today originated from the Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian faiths rather than the Puritan religion. From The Puritan oligarchy: The Founding of American Civilization ().
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