The survey research method was used and data were gathered through self-administered questionnaire SAQ. There 70 randomly selected respondents- 36 male and 34 female residents of Barangay Aplaya, Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite.
See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. The care of people living with AIDS presents a significant challenge to the health care sector. The results showed a fair level of knowledge among all health care professionals, with the highest knowledge among the doctors and the lowest among laboratory workers.
There was a significant gender difference in the level of knowledge but the data suggested that knowledge did not differ by hospital settings. The study showed a fair level of knowledge among all health care professionals, with the highest knowledge among the doctors and the lowest among laboratory workers and a significant gender difference in the level of knowledge, though the data suggested that this did not differ by hospital settings.
This has important implications for future interventions designed for health care professionals including doctors, nurses and laboratory workers.
Gwarzo 2 examined the HIV prevalence rates in health care settings in Nigeria and found that the prevalence of HIV infection ranges from 4. The national prevalence is 5. The difference between HIV seroprevalence in urban and rural areas is not large, indicating that the AIDS problem in Nigeria is not strictly an urban one 6.
Given that health workers are expected to provide care and accurate information on this subject matter to patients and their relatives, as well as to the general public, it is clearly important that they have credible and accurate knowledge of the disease.
This is important for optimal health care delivery because several studies have shown that the knowledge and beliefs of HCP about HIV and AIDS are frequently inaccurate and their attitudes are often negative 891011 The PLWA believe that this was due to fear of contracting the disease, wide spread poverty precluding any financial aid to this population, thus isolating them to hasten their death and lack of sympathy for other people.
McCann 24 has highlighted that issues related to sexuality, blame, conditional duty and care, and discriminatory care should be assessed, and appropriate wide-ranging in-service education and support should be provided to health care professionals.
Improvement in clinical practice is not always guaranteed nor does it always persist following educational interventions 25 However, some of these have been of dubious quality and informational value because they were not based on the needs assessment of any specific group Specifically, the study was designed to answer the following questions: This baseline information will enable public health experts to develop target audience specific HIV intervention programs for health care providers in Nigeria.
The first study site, Cross River State, has a population of 1. Both states have similar socioeconomic and cultural characteristics. The study relied on self-administered questionnaire, and respondents were recruited from hospitals at each local government area.
Study design Inclusion criteria were age above 18, employment as a health care provider in either of the study sites, and ability to fill out a questionnaire in English.
The study was approved by the appropriate university ethics committee. All participants were informed that they could refuse to answer any questions and that their participation was voluntary and anonymous. Those who agreed to participate were given the questionnaire to complete and deposit in a sealed box that was designated for that purpose.
Return of the questionnaire was taken as evidence of consent. The measures were developed based on preliminary focus groups with the study population.
Pilot testing was carried out to ensure readability and clarity using medical and nursing students and reviewed by the Nigerian National AIDS director. A copy of the questionnaire is available on request from the first author. This stratification was done in order to reflect the different hospital settings, i.
Data analysis The primary analysis investigated the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, and the sources of knowledge and beliefs, in Nigerian health workers physicians, nurses and laboratory staff across occupational categories, hospital setting and by age and gender.
The sample included health care professionals from different fields and hospital settings. The fields were summarized into three categories: The hospital settings were summarized into four categories: Independent variables that were evaluated include the health worker occupational category, gender some occupational categories, e.
Preliminary analysis was carried out by state to evaluate the influence of occupation, age, gender and hospital setting on knowledge, beliefs and attitudes.
The data analysis used measures of central tendency, mean median and mode, and also standard deviations to describe the characteristics of the study sample.
The analysis of attitude and belief items used frequency with mean, median, mode and standard deviation. All data were analyzed using SPSS version Results Description of Study Sample The sample was composed of participants.
There were and information sources on one hand, and the stakeholders’ level of understanding and perception of and attitude towards agricultural biotechnology, on the other hand. Respondents included agricultural biotechnology stakeholders comprising businessmen.
The key sources of knowledge and influence in the community should be identified because this information will inform the design of communication activities. These sources may include respected individuals, such as community or religious leaders, schools, health clinics and the media.
Family discussion was not only a common information source but also contributed significantly and positively to both donation knowledge and attitudes toward recipients. Further exploration of information sources contributing to donation knowledge and community attitudes toward transplant recipients among young men is needed.
Attitude formation refers to the shift from having no attitude toward an object to having some attitude toward the object.
The shift from no attitude to attitude formation is the result of learning. The questionnaires contain open as well as closed ended questions which covers socio demographic information, knowledge, attitude and practice on emergency contraceptive.
This were prepared in English and translated to Tigrigna and then turn to English for its consistency. Knowledge, Attitude and Sources of Information about HIV/AIDS among Barbers in Ibadan, Nigeria Objective: The study documented the influence of HIV/AIDS information on the knowledge and attitudes of barbers relating to the prevention of HIV in their professional practices.